Addiction is a disease. That's right; it is a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences to the individual who is addicted and to those around them.
Drug Addiction is Very Complex
Most people do not understand why individuals become addicted to drugs or how drugs change the brain to foster compulsive drug abuse. They mistakenly view drug abuse and addiction as strictly a social problem and may characterize those who take drugs as morally weak. One very common belief is that drug abusers should be able to just stop taking drugs if they are only willing to change their behavior. What people often underestimate is the complexity of drug addiction. It is a disease that impacts the brain and because of that, stopping drug abuse is not always a matter of willpower.
its is a disease
Through scientific advances we now know much more about how exactly drugs work in the brain, and we also know that drug addiction can be successfully treated to help people stop abusing drugs and resume their productive lives. Drug addiction is a brain disease because the abuse of drugs leads to changes in the structure and function of the brain. Although it is true that for most people the initial decision to take drugs is voluntary, over time the changes in the brain caused by repeated drug abuse can affect a person's self control and ability to make sound decisions, and at the same time send intense impulses to continue to use and take drugs. It is because of these changes in the brain that it is so challenging for a person who is addicted to stop abusing drugs. Fortunately, there are treatments that help people to counteract addiction's powerful disruptive effects and regain control. Drugs are chemicals that tap into the brain's communication system and disrupt the way nerve cells normally send, receive, and process information.
Estimates of the total overall costs of substance abuse in the United States, including health, crime-related costs, as well as losses in productivity exceed half a trillion dollars annually
$181 billion for illicit drugs
$168 billion for tobacco
$185 billion for alcohol
these numbers do not fully describe the public health and safety implications, including family disintegration loss of employment, failure in school, domestic violence, child abuse, and other crimes.
Similar to other chronic, relapsing diseases, such as diabetes, asthma, or heart disease, drug addiction can be managed successfully. And, as with other chronic diseases, it is not uncommon for a person to relapse and begin abusing drugs again. Relapse, however, does not signal failure, rather, it indicates that drug alcohol rehab treatment should be reinstated, adjusted, or that alternate treatment is needed to help the individual regain control and recover.
Research shows combining addiction treatment medications, if available, with behavioral therapy is the best way to ensure success for most patients. Treatment approaches that are tailored to each patient's drug abuse patterns and any co-occurring medical, psychiatric, and social problems can lead to sustained recovery and a life without drug abuse.