Is it safe to combine doxycycline and alcohol safe?
The answer to that question, like with many drug interactions, is a bit tricky.
Almost every other type of antibiotic comes with a warning against taking alcohol in combination with this antibiotic.
Patients that are prescribed doxycycline are quick to notice the difference and commonly ask whether this means it is safe to mix doxycycline and drinking.
- Doxycycline is unique because it is one of the rare antibiotics that does not include such a warning and prohibition.
Talk To Your Doctor First
Assuming you discuss your intent to drink alcohol with your doctor in advance, it is possible to drink with doxycycline and still get the intended effect from the drug.
If a doctor knows that a patient intends to drink alcohol, and is given a good sense of what quantities the alcohol will be consumed in, the doctor could adjust dosage to provide the required effect, despite the interference of alcohol.
Even if a doctor hasn’t been consulted, a patient who is taking doxycycline could possibly drink small amounts, approximately equal to one or two glasses of wine or beer per day with minimal negative effects, if that alcohol is generally consumed at a slow pace.
Mixing Doxycycline and Alcohol
Mixing doxycycline and alcohol does not have any meaningful interaction side effects per se.
However, doxycycline does share some common side effects with alcohol, which means such side effects are likely to be more intense than usual when a patient takes both drugs in combination.
The following side effects are shared by both Doxycycline and alcohol:
- Dehydration and darkening of urine
- Fatigue and decreased cognitive abilities
- Nausea and vomiting
- Liver damage, especially over long durations of use
The good news is the chance of death or long-term disability due to mixing the two drugs is somewhat lower than with other antibiotics. That doesn’t mean that it is wise to mix them, only that the consequences for unwisely mixing the drugs are less dangerous than the consequences from many other drug alcohol interactions.
Doxycycline delivers a compound to the body that halts the growth of bacteria within your system. By halting the growth of bacteria, the drug allows the body to naturally fight off an infection at a rate faster than it can grow.
Normally, the medication lingers in the body for long enough that the immune system wins the battle.
- The rule of thumb that alcohol should be avoided when taking just about any type of medication applies to doxycycline just as much as it does to any other drug. Thankfully, the consequences of breaking that rule are perhaps slightly less dangerous.
However, when you consume alcohol, the length of time that the compound remains in the body is greatly reduced, because the liver will flush the compound from the body while it is flushing alcohol from the body.
Essentially, the alcohol registers as a poison and the liver and goes into overdrive removing any foreign agents out of the body. As a result, the doxycycline provides a significantly reduced benefit.
Furthermore, if a patient experiences unexpected medical problems from doxycycline, including a possible, if rare, allergic reaction, the presence of alcohol in the system, and competing side effects from alcohol, can make it more difficult for a medical professional to provide treatment for a patient in distress.