Addiction is a disease that requires treatment like any other medical condition.
Different methods of treatment allow for therapies to be tailored to the unique needs of the individual.
Understanding the different types of addiction treatment programs available is the first step to finding an effective recovery program that suits each individual for the best possible chance for lasting sobriety.
12 Step Programs began in the 1930s with the inception of Alcoholics Anonymous.
Participants are guided to identify past mistakes and surrender to a higher power on their journey to sobriety.
This type of program involves support groups that hold regular meetings and follow the 12 steps for overcoming addiction.
While the origins of the program are rooted in religion, the general term “higher power” allows participants to participate, regardless of faith or beliefs and this concept has evolved over time to become less rigid than in the early days.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
This common method of psychotherapy creates awareness of negative thought patterns to allow for more constructive methods of responding to them.
The modality is appropriate for treating a wide range of conditions and mental health issues, including substance addiction.
Motivational Enhancement Therapy
This therapy is designed to increase motivation to change by observing current behaviors and their negative impact more objectively.
Understanding the behavior is the first step toward empowerment to change them.
Individual or Group Therapies
A combination of group and individual therapy is generally the optimal approach for addiction treatment.
Individual therapy is one-on-one with a licensed counselor or therapist, while group therapy brings people together who are struggling with addiction to provide peer support as well as counseling.
Therapy that focuses on identifying triggers for drinking or using and creating action plans to avoid those triggers is known as relapse prevention.
Treatment programs that do not include relapse prevention do not tend to be as successful for long-term recovery.
Drug and alcohol detox treatment programs are often the first step in recovery and focus on overcoming withdrawal symptoms and detoxifying the body to remove all substances of drugs or alcohol in a safe environment.
Detox does not address any of the reasons for addiction or help provide support for overcoming addictive issues like a treatment program, but it is usually necessary to complete before beginning formal treatment.
Detox usually takes a week to ten days to complete in most cases, but can sometimes be longer depending on the substance and the severity and length of use.
It’s important to note that not all addiction treatment centers offer detox because it requires specialized medical staff fro supervision and sometimes requires the use of medication. It’s worthwhile for most people to seek treatment at a facility that offers both detox and recovery treatment programs all in one center.
There are two basic types of outpatient programs:
- Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP) – these are held most of the day, five days a week
- Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP) – these are less intense and take place part of the day, three days a week
People struggling with opioid or alcohol addictions may respond well to medication-assisted treatment or MAT.
This modality uses medications to treat withdrawal symptoms and cravings, which can significantly lower the incidence of relapse. This is an evidence-based treatment that can be used in combination with other therapies or in rare instances, as a stand-alone therapy.
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