Valium: Benzodiazepine Abuse drugs like valium, is on the rise
One of the most prescribed anti-anxiety and insomnia medications in the United States are benzodiazepines, prescriptions like valium. This class of drugs is extremely effective in managing sleep disorders and symptoms of emotional distress, though valium side effects can come with a steep price tag for patients and people abusing or misusing the drug.
- A 2014 survey by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) estimates around 1.5 million Americans consume tranquilizers and sedatives, like valium, for non-medical use each year.
Valium Side Effects
The reason valium is generally prescribed for short-term use is that it can come with adverse side effects, including addiction. According to the Mayo Clinic, more common valium side effects can include some of the following:
- Irregular heartbeat and breathing
- Abdominal pain, nausea and lack of appetite
- Tremor in the hands
- An unsteady or shaky gait when walking
- Issues with muscle control and coordination or muscle spasms
- Headaches and body pain
- Decreased libido
Long-term side effects can be even more problematic and can include dementia, memory loss, confusion and respiratory arrest.
Is Valium Addictive?
The risk of valium addiction is great in chronic users, but even first time, recreational users can develop a dependency relatively quickly.
Getting a “valium high” is produced by the drug’s effect on neurotransmitters in the brain that suppress fear and boost confidence, can become addictive, especially used over the long term.
There are several forms of the medication, though valium is a controlled substance and, legally, is only available by prescription. It comes in a liquid, injectable form, a suppository and pill form.
- People can feel the effects of the drug on even very small doses, such as a valium 5mg high.
How much it takes for a person to experience a relaxed, mellow or euphoric sensation from valium depends on several factors. New users have little to no tolerance so the effects of valium kick in at low doses. A regular or long-time user will have to ingest more valium to feel similar effects.
- One clear sign of abuse is when a person crushes the tablet and snorts valium, so that the effects of the drug get to the bloodstream faster and create an intense, but short-lived “high.”
Patients or recreational valium users who run out of the drug or are entering treatment for valium addiction will often go through serious and painful withdrawal symptoms.
- It is crucial for a person abusing valium to not quit taking the drug “cold turkey,” because of the risk of seizure and even death.
“Detoxification from [valium] is not pleasant; without medical supervision, it can be life threatening,” psychiatric nurse practitioner, a contributor to The Hill, Lois M. Platt writes “because it’s a longer-acting benzodiazepine, valium withdrawal symptoms are especially difficult. The symptoms can last up to 90 days in some patients and, in some cases, as long as a year. These symptoms can include some of the following:
- Sleep disorders, such as insomnia and night sweats among others
- Severe mood swings
- Muscle twitches
- Heart palpitations
- Memory loss
- Sensory overload or sensitivity
- Severe depression and anxiety
“The risk of overdose and death from benzodiazepines themselves is generally low-to-moderate in otherwise healthy adults,” University of Florida professor of psychiatry Dr. Gary Reisfeld said in an interview with CNN. However, Reisfeld added that as tolerance develops and other substances, such as alcohol, are combined with the drugs, “their lethality is magnified.”
A report by the National Institutes on Drug Abuse found that overdose deaths from valium and other benzodiazepines spiked in the 14 year period between 2002 and 2016.
- There were nearly 11,000 benzodiazepine-related deaths in 2016 alone.
Call 911 at the first signs of a possible Valium overdose
One of the most dangerous aspects of this is the chance that a person might overdose. These symptoms, according to the Mayo Clinic can include some of the following:
- Lack of coordination, strength or energy
- Loss of consciousness
- Labored or troubled breathing
- Pale, blue lips, fingernails or skin
- Weakness and muscle pain
Valium And Alcohol
Drinking alcohol while taking Valium is NEVER a smart thing to do. It is very dangerous and potentially life-threatening. Alcohol will magnify the benzodiazepine type effects on someone. Also, the risk of addiction increases significantly when it’s mixed with other substances, like opioids or alcohol.
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