Skip to content

Marijuana

Marijuana comes from the dried leaves, stems, seeds, and flowering tops of the cannabis Sativa plant. It has been around for recreational purposes and medical treatment for hundreds of years.

Tests show that THC, the active compound in marijuana, alters the neurotransmitter to the spinal cord, resulting in pain relief. THC also stimulates appetite, commonly called “the munchies,” and induces a relaxation state.

  • Medical marijuana treats chronic pain.

Cannabis is considered a hallucinogen. A hallucinogen is a substance that distorts how one’s mind perceives the world where it lives. It is known as cannabis, among other names. People smoke it like a cigarette (joint or blunt), inhaled through vapor or using a pipe. It can be mixed with food or brewed as tea.

When a person smokes it, they start to feel the effects in a matter of minutes.Some of the immediate sensations they will experience include;

  • increased heart rate
  • unreal state of mind
  • lessened coordination
  • increased appetite

Here is a chart generally showing how long marijuana stays in your system.

Marijuana has two main species, which are Indica and Sativa though there are others. Each of the two has their unique characteristics and have a different high.

Legalization

Multiple states have legalized the sale and consumption of recreational weed. In addition, most states now allow the use of medicinal marijuana. twenty-three states, including California, Vermont, Nevada, and Arizona, have already legalized marijuana for recreational use. So it’s simply a matter of time, suggest pro-pot advocates.

States where recreational marijuana is legal 2022

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • California
  • Illinois
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Nevada
  • Montana
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • Oregon
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • Washington, D.C.
  • Guam

Then, hopefully, states will take the initiative in performing valid studies on the adverse side effects of chronic, long-term marijuana use and not focus solely on revenue. After all, the lives of people are more critical than high profits.

Even though the federal government still considers pot illegal, it would be shortsighted to expect state marijuana laws to revert.

Sativa

It is arguably the most common species. Sativa is a large plant that reaches a height of 2 to 6 meters, but it does not have dense foliage. It is dried, cured, and processed before consumption. As a result, it has a more energizing and stimulating effect. In addition, it has a high ratio of THC and CBN, which are the two most frequent active compounds in cannabis.

Indica

Indica is denser than Sativa, but it is much shorter and reaches a height of 1 to 3 meters tall on average. The indicia also flower more rapidly when compared to Sativa. It has been traditionally chosen in the making of hashish because it has a high volume of resin. In addition, it has a high amount of CBN, sometimes more than THC, and it has a strong feeling of getting stoned.

Effects

Weed has 113 cannabinoids, but THC’s most potent and psychoactive agent. After smoking cannabis, THC is quick to get into the bloodstream, and within minutes it reaches the brain. When ingested, the body absorbs THC slowly, and the user starts to feel the effects after two hours.

  • THC is similar to the cannabinoids produced in the human brain.

Natural cannabinoids usually act as neurotransmitters, and they send chemical messages between the nerve cells. THC affects the hippocampus and the orbitofrontal cortex, areas of pain that control attention and memory. It also disrupts the functioning of the cerebellum and the basal ganglia; this adversely affects balance, coordination, and reaction time.

THC also stimulates cannabinoid receptors that increase dopamine release related to a feeling of pleasure. This effect often leads to drug misuse. It is used as a recreational drug to achieve relaxation and giddiness.

Short-term side effects include;

  • Decrease in short term memory
  • Dry mouth
  • Impaired motor skills
  • Feelings of paranoia and or anxiety
  • Mood alteration and euphoria<
  • Increased heart rate
  • Reduction in blood pressure
  • Memory and concentration impairment
  • Nausea
  • Rapid breathing

Long term effects include;

  • Addiction
  • Decreased mental ability
  • Behavioral problems in a child whose mother used it during her pregnancy

Statistics

  • According to the United Nations, over 158.8 million people worldwide use marijuana, 3.8% of the planet’s population.
  • After alcohol, cannabis is the second most frequent substance in the bodies of drivers involved in fatal car accidents.
  • Marijuana is widespread among adolescents and young adults. In 2015, 11.8% of 8th graders reported the use of marijuana in the past year. 6% said they used marijuana daily or nearly daily
  • Medical emergencies related to marijuana use increased by two-thirds.
  • The percentage of youth that perceives the drug to be harmful went down. About seven in ten Americans believe that alcohol is more damaging to the health of a person when compared to marijuana. It means there is an increase in the number of youths that start using.
  • 53% of Americans support the legalization of marijuana compared to 44% of the opposition

Teens

According to a study, marijuana use mostly starts in adolescence. The study shows that 78% of the people who began using marijuana were between 12 and 20 years old in the past year. Marijuana use among teens might hurt their developing brains. Regular and heavy use of marijuana among teens can lead to an IQ drop of 8 points. Studies have shown marijuana interferes with motivation, attention, learning, and memory. Hence regular users have reduced intellectual levels.

  • Lower grades and scores on their exams
  • Less likelihood of enrolling in college
  • Less likely to graduate high school or college
  • Lower satisfaction in life
  • Higher likelihood of earning a lower income or being unemployed

Researchers found that the amount of cancer-producing chemicals exposed to after consuming one joint equals one who smoked five cigarettes. In addition, research suggests that the use of marijuana is likely to come before the use of other drugs.

  • Therefore, it is a gateway drug.

According to a study, of all those who started using marijuana before they were 15, 62% later used cocaine at some point in their lives, 9% used heroin at least once, and 54% used prescription drugs. Contrary to what most people believe, research suggests that 30% of users may develop some degree of dependency and, in severe cases, get addicted.