Ecstasy – Rave Party “Club Drug” – High Risk Of Suicides & Overdoses

Ecstasy is a powerfully psychoactive drug called MDMA.

  • It is hallucinogenic, producing feelings of intense euphoria, intimacy, and a sense of oneness. A member of a group of psychoactive drugs called “club drugs.”

It is popular with people attending “raves” or large dance parties usually held in abandoned buildings or warehouses. However, raves are alcohol-free and safe because security personnel are present to prevent disruptions. Unfortunately, raves are anything but secure because they encourage excessive use of Ecstasy and other club drugs as well as sexual promiscuity with strangers.

  • It is a “party” or “club” drug. It is a synthetic psychoactive substance that alters mood and perception.

Chemically, it is similar to other drugs in that it’s a stimulant and a hallucinogen. When ingested, it floods the brain’s pleasuring centers causing feelings of increased energy and pleasure.

Cerated in illegal and underground labs, it is generally sold in pill form, coming in various colors and shapes. It is also not uncommon for dealers to sell gel capsules filled with MDMA powder. A form of “liquid MDMA” is gamma-hydroxybutyrate, which goes by the name GHB, and is a central nervous system depressant.

Street Names

Often called the “love pill” by media because of the drug’s ability to heighten the perception of sound, color, smell, and touch. It stimulates the senses by significantly increasing serotonin levels, norepinephrine, and dopamine in the brain. Street names include;

  • MDMA
  • X
  • E
  • Adam
  • XTC
  • Molly

Legality

It is illegal in the U.S. since 1984. It is a Schedule I narcotic by the Federal Drug Enforcement Administration and such drugs as heroin, cocaine, lysergic acid (LSD), and marijuana.

This drug comes in pill form that may be crushed, snorted, or injected by users.

Most users swallow a pill or capsule, though it can also be dissolved in liquid and drank or crushed and snorted. More extreme users inject the liquefied form. However MDMA is ingested, the euphoric “high” typically lasts three to six hours, depending on purity.

Because of the heightened sensory perception and increased energy levels the drug induces, this drug has become a commonly abused drug at “raves” – all-night dance parties – and music festivals.

Risks

Despite its reputation for “happiness in pill form,” using MDMA, whether regularly or for the first time, comes with a heavy list of psychological and physical side effects. Many are potentially fatal. One reason for this is this drug causes the body to overheat, a condition known as hyperthermia. This side effect, combined with high physical activity levels, such as dancing, or extreme temperatures at an outdoor music festival, can cause heart and kidney failure.

Side Effects

Three young people fatally overdosed at the Hard Summer Music Festival in Pomona, California. Unfortunately, numerous other deaths have occurred under similar circumstances. Other physical side effects include some of the following, according to the National Institute of Drug Abuse. Possible side effects include:

  • Anxiety, depression, irritability
  • Memory and problems concentrating.
  • Decreased sex drive
  • Sleep problems
  • Paranoia
  • Trouble remembering and concentrating
  • Insomnia
  • Teeth grinding
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Excessive sweating/dehydration
  • Reduced appetite
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Hyperthermia (high body temperature)
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Hyponatremia
  • Nausea, sweating, and chills
  • Involuntary teeth clenching
  • Muscle cramps
  • Blurred vision

Consequences

Continuous brain exposure to MDMA may cause functional and structural deficits involving brain lesions along specific neural pathways. Long-term use causes degeneration of neurons within the hippocampal, prefrontal, and visual areas of the brain. Sustained hyperthermia will damage neurons as well. Reduction in the brain’s gray matter due to abuse can negatively interfere with normal sensory perception, speech, self-control, and decision-making.

Addiction

Whether or not it is physically addictive is a topic of heated debate. However, repeated use leads to tolerance, the need to take more of the drug to achieve the same effect, leading to abuse. Additionally, using it regularly might lessen the pleasure drawn from day-to-day activities once enjoyed without other chemical enhancements.

Unlike opioids, club drugs are more psychologically addicting than physically addicting. Since mood and sensation are so strongly affected, withdrawing from it leaves users with intense anhedonia, the inability to experience pleasure or satisfaction.

A core clinical symptom of schizophrenia and acute depression, anhedonia is more likely to cause abusers to relapse than physical signs of withdrawal. Knowing that one tablet will relieve the misery of anhedonia, depression, and suicidal thoughts is what drives MDMA users to continue abusing this drug. Treating addiction should only be done under medical supervision in a professional detoxification program, followed by intense individual counseling and psychotherapy.

History

Developed more than 100 years ago by Merck, a pharmaceutical company, methylenedioxy-methamphetamine or MDMA, was used by the United States Army in psychological warfare testing in 1953. A few years later, in the 1960s, some psychotherapists gave their patients Ecstasy due to the drug’s effect of lowering inhibitions.

  • Developed over 100 years ago to help people cope with various kinds of mental illness, MDMA is similar chemically to hallucinogens and stimulants and illegal in the U.S.

When swallowed as a tablet, it starts distorting perceptions and increases feelings of euphoria, empathy, and invincibility within 45 minutes. Effects can last anywhere from three to six hours, depending on the grade and amount of Ecstasy consumed, injected, or snorted.

“Suicide Tuesday”

“Suicide Tuesday” is a phrase coined by users because of the psychological toll “coming down” – the drug’s effects wearing off – takes on the mind and body. After a weekend of using MDMA, the brain is in short supply of dopamine and serotonin, which can lead to extreme depression and, in some cases, causes users to take their own lives.

Safety

As with other illegal drugs, people purchasing this drug can never entirely be sure that what they’re taking is not cut with any number of other potentially deadly chemicals. As a result, some harm reduction organizations, such as Dance Safe, offer testing kits at “raves” or other venues for users to test the purity of the drugs they’ve purchased. It is, however, that requires people to come forward without fear of being arrested or punished.