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Desoxyn® (methamphetamine hydrochloride) is classified as a member of an amphetamine group called sympathomimetic amines. By stimulating the sympathetic nervous system, sympathomimetic amines exert various excitatory effects on the cardiovascular, metabolic and respiratory systems.
- It is the pharmaceutical grade form and brand name for methamphetamine.
- Originally it was developed in 1942.
The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency has designated it as a Schedule II controlled substance. That includes a high potential for addiction. Other examples of Schedule IIN drugs (stimulants) are Adderall, Dexedrine and Ritalin.
Physicians prescribe this drug to help obese people lose weight and for relieving symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children.
- Standard dose for children over six years of age is five mg of it one to two time a day at the beginning of treatment. Doctors may increase dosage of it for ADHD to 20 mg daily.
People struggling with obesity are prescribed five mg tablets to be taken 30 minutes before a meal. Treating obesity with Desoxyn is limited to several weeks in duration due to the highly addictive properties of Desoxyn.
How Does Methamphetamine Work For ADHD?
According to the Mayo Clinic “Methamphetamine works in the treatment of ADHD by increasing attention and decreasing restlessness. It works effectively in children and adults who are overactive, cannot concentrate for very long, or are easily distracted and impulsive. This medication is used as part of a total treatment program that also includes social, educational, and psychological treatment.”
Prescribed To Children as Young As 6 Years Old
According to National Institute of Health, “psychostimulants, such as methylphenidate and amphetamine, have been approved for many years for the treatment of ADHD in children as young as 6 years old.” The article goes on to say “In the United States, it is estimated that 5% of children aged 6–17 years are prescribed stimulants”.
A 2009 US study found that nearly two percent of middle school students admitted taking methamphetamine in different forms. The same study discovered that close to three percent of high school students used a form of methamphetamine such as Desoxyn or Ritalin at least once in their lives.
- Finally, the same study also reported that over one million American adults have taken methamphetamine products, whether prescribed or obtained on the street, at least once.
Physical & Psychological Effects
Methamphetamines prompt the brain to enter a “fight or flight” condition normally initiated when the body is stressed or in danger. This drug promotes release of serotonin and dopamine, two neurotransmitters implicated in feeling a powerful sense of well-being and euphoria.
It also creates the classic “high” by;
- Releasing adrenaline, cortisol and other hormones intended to help the body and brain deal with stress
- Increasing blood pressure, heart rate and breathing rate
- Prompting redirection of blood flow to the muscles and away from the gastrointestinal system
- Increasing a user’s ability to concentrate and focus on completing tasks
When taken in small doses (less than five milligrams), it makes users feel energetic, refreshed and alert. However, once this stimulating “high” wears off, users experience a “speed crash” that leaves them feeling irritable, exhausted, depressed and nauseous.
Other common side effects include:
- Loss of appetite
- Chronic dry mouth
Possible Side Effects
People who abuse this drug suffer;
exhibit aggressive and irrational behavior
If Misusing It
May have frequent panic attacks when experiencing a high. Heart arrhythmias, circulatory collapse, hallucinations and psychotic breaks may force abusers to seek emergency treatment.
When the effects of Desoxyn subside, the brain responds to the lack of excess dopamine and serotonin by causing users to feel depressed, ill and fatigued.
Profuse vomiting and diarrhea can expedite dehydration and shock. Fatal overdoses of Desoxyn are generally preceded by convulsions, unconsciousness and coma.
Compared to Adderall
Adderall is not meant for weight loss. It is primarily prescribed for ADHD and narcolepsy, a sleep disorder causing people to suddenly fall asleep during the day. In addition, Adderall is not generic methamphetamine but is a combination of two amphetamines called dextroamphetamine and levoamphetamine.
- Adderall works to control symptoms of narcolepsy and ADHD by increasing levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain.
One study published in Addiction found that the same dosages of methamphetamine and dextroamphetamine similarly affected the mood and heart rate of those taking Desoxyn or Adderall. However, the report says that the effects of Desoxyn were stronger than the effects of dextroamphetamine.