Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is made from the coca plant. People use cocaine by snorting it, rubbing it on their gums or mixing it with water and injecting it into their blood stream. It has short lived effects and it temporarily speeds up how your body and mind works. So to maintain their high people tend to take it in binges meaning their take the drug repeatedly in a short period of time at increasingly higher doses.
Types Of Cocaine
Different chemical processes usually produce two forms of cocaine. They are;
- Powdered cocaine
Powdered cocaine can be snorted or it can be dissolved in water and injected
- Crack cocaine
Crack cocaine is “rocks” to be “freebased” which means smoked getting it to the brain faster. It is the form of cocaine it is mostly found. It is the riskiest and the strongest. Addiction develops more rapidly when cocaine is smoked. The term “crack” refers to the crackling noise it makes when it is ignited whiling smoking it.
How Long Does Cocaine High Last
The effects of cocaine kick in almost immediately, peaking after two minutes and lasts for only 10 minutes. Taking small amounts of the dug makes one feel euphoric, mentally alert, talkative and hypersensitive to touch light and sound.it temporarily decreases need for sleep and food.
Short term physiological effects include;
- Increased body temperature
- Increased heart rate and blood pressure
- Dilated pupils
- Tremors and muscle twitches
Long Term Effects of the Cocaine High
exposure to the drug for a while, the brain starts adapting. Tolerance may develop with regular use and therefore larger doses or more frequent use is needed to produce the same level of pleasure the user felt in the beginning. Tolerance does increase the risk of the user overdosing. Taking cocaine in binges leads to restlessness, panic attacks, and paranoia and in some cases full blown psychosis.
Full blown psychosis is where an individual loses touch with reality and they tend to experience auditory hallucinations.
Snorting Cocaine to Get High
Snorting cocaine can cause loss of smell, problems swallowing and nose bleeds. Cocaine reduces blood flow to the gastrointestinal tract which could lead to ulcerations and tears. Many users lose their appetite and significantly lose weight and become malnourished. User gets chest pains that resemble a heart attack and many go to the emergency room. Cocaine increases the risk of a stroke, the inflammation of heart muscles and deterioration of the hearts ability to contract. Long term use can lead to neurological problems such as bleeding within the brain. Movement disorders might occur after many years of using.
Former cocaine users are at a high risk of relapse even after long periods of abstinence. Memory of the experience leads to strong craving leading to relapse.
Crashing Back to Earth – Cocaine Withdrawal
It happens when the user who is used to using cocaine cuts down or quits using completely. Cocaine does not have any physical symptoms such as vomiting and shaking. It is rarely serious but it has a number of unpleasant side effects which includes;
- Depressed mood, some might even contemplate suicide
- Agitation and restless behavior
- Increased appetite
- A general feeling of discomfort
- Unpleasant dreams
After stopping from heavy long term use the cravings and depression can last for several months. Even though cocaine withdrawal is not unstable, withdrawing from a chronic substance is serious due to the risks of suicide and overdose involved. People going through withdrawal will often turn to sedatives and alcohol to treat their symptoms hence shifting addiction from one product to another.
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